INDIRECT SPEECH (BAC)

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي اذهب الى الأسفل

INDIRECT SPEECH (BAC)

مُساهمة  rafai في الجمعة 19 فبراير 2010 - 11:02

Direct and
Indirect Speech



Direct Speech

Þ

Indirect Speech


simple present
He said, “I go to school every day.”


Þ

simple past
He said (that) he went to school every day.


simple past
He said, “I went to school every day.”


Þ

past perfect
He said (that) he had gone to school every day.


present perfect
He said, “I have gone to school every day.”


Þ

past perfect
He said (that) he had gone to school every day.


present progressive
He said, “I am going to school every day.”


Þ

past progressive
He said (that) he was going to school every day.


past progressive
He said, “I was going to school every day.”


Þ

perfect progressive
He said (that) he had been going to school every day,


future (will)
He said, “I will go to school every day.”


Þ

would + verb name
He said (that) he would go to school every day.


future (going to)
He said, “I am going to school every day.”


Þ

present progressive
He said (that) he is going to school every day.




past progressive
He said (that) he was going to school every day


Direct Speech

Þ

Indirect Speech

auxiliary + verb name
He said, “Do you go to school every day?”
He said, “Where do you go to school?”


Þ

simple past
He asked me if I went to school every day.*
He asked me where I went to school.


imperative
He said, “Go to school every day.”


Þ

infinitive
He told to go to school every day.






*Note than when a Yes/No question is being asked in direct
speech, then a construction with if or whether is used. If a WH
question is being asked, then use the WH to introduce the clause. Also note
that with indirect speech, these are examples of embedded questions.


The situation changes if instead of the common said
another part of the very to say is used. In that case the verb tenses
usually remain the same. Some examples of this situation are given below.






Direct Speech

Þ

Indirect Speech

simple present + simple present
He says, “I go to school every day.”


Þ

simple present + simple present
He says (that) he goes to school every day.


present perfect + simple present
He has said, “I go to school every day.”


Þ

present perfect + simple present
He has said (that) he goes to school every day.


past progressive + simple past
He was saying, “I went to school every day.”


Þ

past progressive + simple past
He was saying (that) he went to school every day.




past progressive + past perfect
He was saying (that) he had gone to school every day.


future + simple present
He will say, “I go to school every day.”


Þ

future + simple present
He will say (that) he goes to school every day.


rafai

عدد المساهمات : 114
تاريخ التسجيل : 05/11/2009

معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة


 
صلاحيات هذا المنتدى:
لاتستطيع الرد على المواضيع في هذا المنتدى