INDIRECT SPEECH (RULES) القواعد

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INDIRECT SPEECH (RULES) القواعد

مُساهمة  rafai في الجمعة 30 أبريل 2010 - 8:55

REPORTED SPEECH
( TENSES )




Tense in
"Direct speech"


Tense to use
in reported speech


SIMPLE
PRESENT


SIMPLE PAST

Cindy asked:
"Do you like watching TV?"


Giles said:
"I don't mind watching TV, but there are things I like
better


Cindy asked
Giles if he liked watching tV


Giles
answered he didn't mind watching TV, but there were things he liked
better.


PRESENT
BE-ING


PAST BE-ING

Frank
declared: " I am thinking about moving"


Frank
declared he was thinking about moving


PAST BE-ING

PAST PERFECT
BE-ING


He told
them: "I wasn't expecting your visit"


He told them
he hadn't been expecting their visit


PRESENT
PERFECT


PAST PERFECT

She said:
" I have just seen an old friend of mine"


She said she
had just seen an old friend of hers.


PRESENT
PERFECT BE-ING


PAST PERFECT
BE-ING


He asked:
"Paul, how long have you been studying English?"


He asked
Paul how long he had been studying English


PAST PERFECT

PAST PERFECT

They said:
"If we had arrived two minutes later, there would have been no
cake left"


They said
that if they had arrived two minutes later, there would have been no
cake left.


PAST PERFECT
BE-ING


PAST PERFECT
BE-ING


He declared:
" You had been telling me you wanted to see her"


He declared
they had been telling him they wanted to see her.


FUTURE
(WILL)


CONDITIONAL
(WOULD)


I asked:
" Where will you spend your holiday ?"


I asked
where they would spend their holiday.


WILL +
BE-ING


WOULD +
BE-ING


Anna
declared:" I will be announcing my engagement next month"


Anna
declared she would be announcing her engagement the following month


WOULD

WOULD

Tony said:
"I would like something to eat. I wouldn't mind a drink
either."


Tony said he
would like something to drink and wouldn't mind a drink either.




















ADVERBS OF TIME AND PLACE, DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS






Direct speech

Reported Speechrt

NOW

THEN

LAST (year, month, week...)

THE (year, month , week...) BEFORE

THE PREVIOUS (year, month, week...)

YESTERDAY

THE DAY BEFORE

THE PREVIOUS DAY

Last week ,last year

The week before , the year before

Ago

Two days ago , a year ago

Before

Two days before , a year before

TOMORROW

THE NEXT DAY

THE FOLLOWING DAY

NEXT (week, month, year...)

THE (week, month, year...) AFTER

THE FOLLOWING (week, month, year...)

THIS

THAT

THAT

THAT

THESE

THOSE

THOSE

THOSE

HERE

THERE

THERE

THERE


rafai

عدد المساهمات : 114
تاريخ التسجيل : 05/11/2009

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