BRAIN DRAIN SAMPLE1

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BRAIN DRAIN SAMPLE1

مُساهمة  rafai في الخميس 29 أبريل 2010 - 4:18

Brain Drain


الموضوع الأول

A brain drain or human capital flight is an emigration of trained and talented individuals ("human capital") to other
nations due to conflicts, lack of opportunity, health hazards where they
are
living or other reasons. It parallels the term "capital flight" which refers
to
financial capital that is no longer invested in the country where its owner
livedand earned it.
Investment in higher education is lost when a trained individual
leaves and does not return. Also, whatever social capital the
individual
has been a part of is reduced by his or her departure. Brain drain
can
occur either when individuals who study abroad and complete their education
do not
return to their home country, or when individuals educated in their home
country
emigrate for higher wages or better opportunities. The second form is
arguably
worse, because it drains more resources from the home country
.
This phenomenon is perhaps most problematic for developing nations, where it is widespread.
In these countries, higher education and professional certification
are
often viewed as the surest way to escape from a troubled economy or
difficult
political situation.Even though little has been discussed about the
effects
of brain drain in Africa, it is believed to be one of the biggest issues
to the
developing nations. Each year millions of Africans escape to Europe and
the
states; therefore, the continent is using lot of its human capital

To conclude, I believe that brain drain is a major problem that our continent has to
face up to. It is obvious that developing countries such as Morocco are even
losing
more human capital than developed countries
.

rafai

عدد المساهمات : 114
تاريخ التسجيل : 05/11/2009

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